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ISSN 2664-2441 (Online)
ISSN 2073-9583 (Print)

Obtaining castings from hypoeutectic silumins by the method of thixocasting

Metalozn. obrobka met., 2022, vol. 28 (102), 38-44

Neduzhyi A. M., Candidate of Technical Science (Ph.D.), Research Scientist, onmlptima@ukr.net, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6259-0312

Physico-Technological Institute of Metals and Alloys of NAS of Ukraine, Kyiv

UDC 621.74.043:669.715:541.18.025:546.621:620.186
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Experimental studies of the method of thixocasting of AK7ч hypoeutectic silumin using cylindrical billets with different initial prepared structure (dendritic and non-dendritic – rosette-like and globular) of the primary solid phase were carried out. It is shown that after casting using billets with the initial dendritic structure of aluminum solid solution, the structure in shaped castings remains dendritic. At the same time, a certain number of destroyed dendrites are observed in the structure, predominantly melted. The thixocasting of the hypoeutectic silumin AK7ч using billets with the initial rosette-like structure of primary aluminum crystals ensures the production of shaped castings with a globular structure of the primary phase with a globular size of 80–100 μm. At the same time resulting the globular structure of the primary solid phase in castings is homogeneous and evenly distributed over the entire cross section. Thixocasting of  silumin AK7ч using billets with the initial globular structure of the primary solid phase does not lead to a change of the structure of the casting. This slightly increases the size of the globules in the casting. Eutectic colonies in shaped castings obtained by thixocasting are characterized by a higher degree of differentiation compared to the initial structures of billets. Determination of mechanical properties showed an increased plasticity of the investigated hypoeutectic silumin in castings obtained after thixocasting without additional hardening heat treatment.
Keywords: thixocasting, hypoeutectic silumin, non-dendritic structure, globular structure, rosette-like structure, solid-liquid billet, shaped casting.


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