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ISSN 2664-2441 (Online)
ISSN 2073-9583 (Print)

Dependence between structure of cast Al-Ni-La alloys and their chemical composition

Metalozn. obrobka met., 2021, vol. 27 (100), 45-51

M. M. Voron, Candidate of Technical Science (PhD), Senior Researcher, mihail.voron@gmail.com, ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0804-9496

Physico-Technological Institute of Metals and Alloys of NAS of Ukraine, Kyiv

UDC 669.715.24.854:546.46
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The peculiarities of cast Al-Ni-La alloys structure formation depending on the content and ratio of the main components are analyzed in the work. It is shown, that so far the studied system has been considered mainly for the creation of amorphous materials. At the same time, Al-Ni and Al-La systems have phase diagrams that allow us to consider double and triple alloys of these systems to create promising creep-resistant alloys for casting. At the same time, the peculiarities of their structure formation in this context were not determined. Samples with different contents of nickel and lanthanum were prepared for research and analyzed how each of the elements, their number and ratio affect the formation of their structural-phase state. It is shown, that low nickel content of about 2 wt. % and lanthanum up to 5 wt. % eutectic is formed like thin almost monolithic intermetallic plates. As the number of components increases and, accordingly, the number of eutectics increases, the dispersion of its components increases. The analysis of the alloy structure dependence due to studied system on their chemical composition showed that, most likely, during the formation of the eutectic, Al11La3 particles, which may have the form of nanosized fibers, are formed first of all. It should be noted that at the eutectic content of lanthanum in the alloys no primary-formed Al11La3 particles were found. This may indicate that nickel shifts the eutectic concentration of lanthanum toward higher values. At the same time, at the hypoeutectic concentration of lanthanum and the hypereutectic concentration of nickel, some Al11La3 formations were outside the regions of the main eutectic with nickel aluminide. Such questions necessitate further studies of the aluminum angle of the triple state diagram of the Al-Ni-La system.
Keywords: Al-Ni-La system, creep-resistant cast aluminum alloys, structure, eutectic.


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