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ISSN 2664-2441 (Online)
ISSN 2073-9583 (Print)

Influence of MHD - plasma melt processing on the structure and properties of cast aluminum alloy A390

Metalozn. obrobka met., 2021, vol. 27 (100), 24-32
https://doi.org/10.15407/mom2021.04.024

А.V. Narivsky, Corresponding Member of the NAS of Ukraine, Doctor of Technical Science, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1596-6401
O.M. Smirnov, Doctor of Technical Science, Professor, Head of the Department, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5247-3908
V.E. Panarin*, Doctor of Technical Science, Professor, Head of the Laboratory, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0962-2730
Yu.P. Skorobagatko, Candidate of Technical Science (Ph.D.), Senior Researcher, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1724-9895
M.SGoryuk, Candidate of Technical Science (Ph.D.), Deputy Head of the Department, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7561-6948
V.O.Tverdokhvalov, Candidate of Technical Science (Ph.D.), Research Scientist, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3756-7639
V.M. Lomakin**, Candidate of Technical Science (Ph.D.), Associate Professor, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6724-4961

Physico-Technological Institute of Metals and Alloys of NAS of Ukraine, Kyiv
* G. V. Kurdyumov Institute for Metal Physics of NAS of Ukraine, Kyiv
** Central Ukrainian National Technical University, Kropyvnytskyi

UDC 669.715:621.039.66:620.17
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Summary

Growth of production of cast products and the desire of enterprises to reduce the cost of manufacturing metal products led to a significant increase in requirements for the structure and properties of aluminum alloys. Increasing of physical and mechanical properties of alloys is most effectively at the stages of their preparation in liquid state. At that, it is possible to affect effectively on the quality of cast metal by external actions on alloys, deep refining from gases and harmful impurities, active modifying of alloy, reducing or eliminating the negative impact of heredity of charge materials.
The main disadvantage of the processes of structure refinement of alloys by using modifiers is instability of their results, which depends on various reasons. One of the most important reasons is providing conditions for the formation and preservation of active modifier particles in the melt volume. They are assimilating by liquid alloy and acting on crystal nucleus at crystallization. It is known that only ~10% particles are active of the total number of particles added with the ligature into the melt. Other particles dissolve in the melt, take away by the crystallization front, or push back on to intergranular boundaries. The considered methods of electromagnetic, MHD and plasma actions on liquid metal allow to refine and modify alloys without use of special reagents.
The paper presents studying of the structure and properties of supereutectic silumin A390 after treatment in casting magnetodynamic installation (MDI) by submerged into melt the plasma argon jet and alternating electromagnetic field & magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) effects, including simultaneous combination.
There are developed the scientific and technological bases of MHD-plasma processing of liquid hypereutectic silumin A390 and original equipment for their realization. It provides dispersed structure of solidified alloy. Thus, there is a significant decreasing of sizes both particles of primary silicon and dendrites of α-solid solution of aluminium. Also, strength characteristics of alloys increased to 10%, and elongation rises up in 1.5-2 times.
Keywords: plasma jet, magnetodynamic installation (MDI), aluminum alloy, mechanical properties.

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