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ISSN 2664-2441 (Online)
ISSN 2073-9583 (Print)

Increased stability die forged steel 4H4N5M4

Metalozn. obrobka met., 2020, vol. 26 (96), 30-38
https://doi.org/10.15407/mom2020.04.030

O. M. Sydorchuk, Candidate of Technical Science (Ph.D.), Senior Research, sedorleg@ukr.net
L. A. Myroniuk*, Candidate of Chemical Sciences, Research Scientist, liliiamolotovska@gmail.com
D. VMyroniuk*, Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Senior Researcher, denysmyroniuk@ipms.kiev.ua
K. OGogaev*, Corresponding Member of the NAS of Ukraine, Head of Department, gogaev@ipms.kiev.ua
O. KRadchenko*, Doctor of Technical Science, Senior Research Fellow,  arradch@ipms.kiev.ua

Center for Research and Technology Ningbo IPM
*I. M. Frantsevich Institute for Problems of Materials Science, NAS of Ukraine, Kyiv

UDC 669.14.018.258
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Summary

The results of researches on steel 4H4N5M4F2 modes thermo-deformation processing optimization are given. It is established that incomplete annealing (750 °С ± 20 °С in comparison with full annealing 860 °С) in cast and forged condition promotes to improve the machining of blanks for the manufacture of matrices. It is shown that the use of incomplete annealing, namely partial recrystallization promotes the formation of spheroidized rather than lamellar carbide phase, which leads to a decrease in the characteristics: strength threshold, yield strength, hardness 900 MPa, 800 MPa, 32‑33 HRC in the cast state and 1200 MPa, 1050 MPa, 38‑39 HRC in forged condition, respectively. This increases the fracture toughness: 180 J/cm2 in the cast state and 130 J/cm2 in the forged state. The optimized mode of forging at the temperature of 1170 ± 20 °С and heat treatment (hardening at 1100 ± 5 °С and tempering at 595 ± 5 °С) of steel 4H4N5M4F2 allowed to increase impact strength five times in comparison with cast experimental steel, and also to increase strength threshold of 100 MPa. Forged steel 4H4N5M4F2 has slightly lower heat resistance compared to cast, which hardens at temperatures above 630 °C during operation of the die steel tool. After operation of the extruder wheels made of investigated forged steel and forged steel 4H5MF1S, which was used at the enterprise in copper processing, the properties of both steels were determined. The investigated forged steel 4H4N5M4F2 is characterized by an increase in the strength threshold by 200 MPa and hardness by 6 HRC. After operation (production of 60 tons of copper products of M1 grade) the tool (wheel extruder) from H13 steel (analog 4H5MF1S) had micro and macrocracks on the side and inner parts, and in the investigated steel 4H4N5M4F2 such defects were absent. Thus, the studied steel is characterized by increased stability.
Keywords: steel, heat treatment, forging, structure, physical and mechanical properties.

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